IT'S TEARING UP JERUSALEM STARTING MONDAY!!!!
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Three fifths compromise : to determine how many representatives in the House/Senate:
~1/3 of southern States' population was slaves
What new power was granted to Congress?
3) Commerce and slave trade compromise
New Congress given right to regulate trade
What was the major trade in the southern States? Tobacco, cotton, and slaves.
Congress - couldn't do anything about slavery until 1808. but could regulate interstate and foreign commerce.
Couldn't impose an export tax.
4) Slavery question : need for a strong government outweighed the personal beliefs of the Northern States. Allowed chance for slavery to be abolished.
5) other compromises
-electoral college: states select electors to choose President.
-Four-year term of President precedent by Washington
Signed by September 17, 1787
September 8, 1787.
Ratifying the constitution
-9 of the 13 states has to ratify1 the constitution
The federalists and anti-federalists
-Federation - political entity characterized by a union of partially self-governing states under a central government
-drafted in secrecy
-extralegal-convention had only been authorized to revise the articles of confederation
-took power away from the states
-lacked a Bill of Rights (concerned that without, freedoms could be taken away by a too-powerful federal government.
-Patrick Henry - outspoken against it
-anarchy - enough of the states wouldn't participate in even trying to get along, wouldn't understand other states laws
-protection from enemies abroad
-BoR not needed because eight states already had their own.
-compromise : add one at the first meeting under the new government
Progress towards ratification
-small states ratified quickly because they wanted equal representation
-large states had anti-fed opposition
-Hamilton, Madison, and John Jay, wrote more than eighty essays defending the new constitution - The Federalist
Launching A New State
Capitol NYC, Georgia Washington, Adams, March 4, 1789 when Congress met
April 30, 1789 Washington oath of office
James Madison - set of amendments. Congress approved twelve of those amendments. States ratified ten, that's Bill of rights.
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